英语专升本语法知识点汇总 | 备考普通专升本英语语法之独立主格结构的用法

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英语专升本语法知识点汇总 | 备考普通专升本英语语法之独立主格结构的用法

独立主格结构只是一个小短语,而不是主谓完整的简单句,又称之为独立分词构句。当分词意义上的主语不是主句的主语时,必须在分词前保留意义上的主语,否则语意不通。
1. 独立主结构形式可用以表时间,理由,条件,伴随状态等。
He lay on the grass, the sun shining upon him.
= He lay on the grass, and the sun was shining upon him.
Weather permitting, I'll start tomorrow.
= If weather permits, I'll start tomorrow.
School being over, the boys went home.
= When school was over, the boys went home.
The sun having set, we arrived at the station.
= After the sun had set, we arrived at the station.
重点:当独立主格结构的主语表示一般人,如:we, one, you时,主语可省略,此用法常用于下列表达方式中:generally speaking 一般来说strictly speaking 严格地-talking of ... 谈到-speaking of ... 说到judging from ... 由……来判断taking all things into consideration 把一切都考虑在内considering ... 考虑到……
[示例]If we judge from his face, he must be ill.
= Judging from his face, he must be ill.
He has lots of books if we consider that he is young.
= He has lots of books, considering that he is young.
2.with 复合结构也是独立主格结构形式之一。这种结构在句中作状语(表示原因,方式,伴随等)和定语,作定语时紧随被修饰名词后。
(1) with+ 名词 + 介词短语
The woman with a baby on her back is my sister.
The boy rushed into the room, with his schoolbag in his hand.
(2) with + 名词 + adj.
with the door open, he left the classroom.
(3) with + 名词 + adv.
With the gloves off, she felt cold.
With the lights on, the building looks beautiful.
(4) with + 名词 + 现在分词(主动) with + 名词 + 过去分词(被动)
With the guide leading us, we got to the village.
The boy was crying with the vase broken.
(5) with + 名词 + 不定式
With the hard work to be done, we have to prepare for it.

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  • 本文由 发表于 2021年12月25日16:17:46
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