英语易混淆形容词辨析 | 专升本英语中容易混淆的动词讲解

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英语易混淆形容词辨析 | 专升本英语中容易混淆的动词讲解

1. rise,raise,arise,arouse
rise 是不及物动词,过去式为rose,过去分词为risen,其基本词义上升,上涨。
The sun rises in the east.
A good idea rose in my mind. raise 是及物规则动词,举起,提高。
He raised his voice to make himself heard.
The boy can raise the heavy stone.
arise,是不及物动词,过去式为arose,过去分词arisen,其语义为出现,发生 。
His curiosity arose due to the question his mother asked.
arouse是及物动词,过去式和过去分词为aroused,其语义为唤醒,引起
arouse somebody from sleep 把某人唤醒
arouse suspicion 引起怀疑
2. lay,lie,lie
lay及物动词,放置,生蛋,过去式与过去分词为 laid
I've laid the book on the self.
The hen lays an egg every day.
lie不及物动词位于,平躺,过去式为lay过去分词 lain
He lay on the floor and slept soundly.
Beijing lies in the north of China.
lie及物动词说谎,它是规则动词。
He lied to his teacher.
专升本英语容易混淆的动词
3. sit,seat
sit不及物动词,过去式与过去分词均为 sat。
He sat in the classroom reading newspaper.
seat及物动词,使就坐容纳。
He seats himself here.
He is seated there.
He seats the baby on his knees.
The hall will seat 5000 people.
4. affect,effect
affect 及物动词,对……有影响,感动,触及
The relations between then will be affected.
effect 及物动词, 导致,造成,带来(变化),产生
The changes in methods effected some improvement in his study.
5. hang (hanged, hanged) / (hung, hung)
当 hang过去式与过去分词为 hanged,其含义是绞死;而当hang的过去式与过去分词为hung时,其含义是悬挂。
The man was hanged for murder.
He hung his coat on the hook.
6. borrow,lend
borrow借入 borrow sth. from ...
lend(lent, lent) 借出 lend sb. sth 或 lend sth. to sb.
7. take,bring,fetch
take(took, taken) 及物动词拿走
bring(brought, brought) 及物动词带来
fetch 及物动词去取回来

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  • 本文由 发表于 2021年12月25日02:31:29
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